Hydrotherapy treatment is a rehabilitating water therapy. This therapy uses the water’s characteristics such as – floatation, resistance, hydrostatic pressure, streams and heat convection to treat different problems. The water characteristics are used to strengthen the muscle power using resistance, normalizing high tonus using water streams, improving breathing functions with the help of hydrostatic pressure and others.

Hydrotherapy provides an answer to a variety of problems and needs and for a large variety of populations of different ages. Hydrotherapy treatment for children is a developing and very common field today, and there is now immense knowledge regarding water therapy techniques for children and the influence of water therapy on their day to’ day function.

Water therapy can be appropriate for special needs children.

Eye-sight is the most important sense in the senso-motor development of babies. The motor development of visually impaired children is slower that those of children without this impairment. In addition, many times children who are visually impaired have also motor/cognitive problems as well. In order for the baby to develop normally from a motor aspect as well as the movement aspect, he needs to notice the present of an object or person in front of him and this creates the motivation to act – to reach out, make a noise, advance towards the object and more. Noticing the presence of an object or person is achieved mainly by using eye-sight, since the noise itself is not enough to create an inner image of external objects.

In order to develop an inner image, one needs to create a connection between the sound and the image of the object. A blind or visually impaired child focuses more on developing the connections between touch and auditory stimulus, and that is why water therapy is important and essential and can contribute to the more normative development of the visually impaired child. The water provides constant feedback on every move the child makes and in addition, just from their constant flow, encourages spontaneous movement of the limbs. Tasks such as balancing, strengthening muscles etc. are achieved in the water while using the water’s characteristics.

The watery environment is an environment that provides stimulation to all senses – sight, hearing (the sound of the water), smell, deep and light touch. Children with sensual impairment and lacking of senses need as much stimulation as possible and in as many ways as possible in order to create a reaction. This is why the pool environment is excellent for stimulating the sensory system of children with any kind of sense impairment and specifically those with a visual impairment.



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